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Rape and Homicide
Criminal homicide refers to murder and non-negligent manslaughter. It is the willful killing of one human being by another. Any death that is caused by injuries received in a fight, quarrel, argument, or an assault is classified as criminal homicide (Andrew, 2009). The victims of homicide range from family members of the perpetrator to friends and even total strangers. Homicide often occurs as a result of a close association between two people. An increasing close connection with the perpetrator may often lead to homicide. Homicide can be committed in various places. These include private residences, public places, learning institutions, and even workplaces.
Throughout the years, cases of homicide have been steadily increasing (Siegel, 2011). Some statistics indicate prevalence rate of up to 5% increase every year in the last 10 years. Concerning the reporting of homicide, it is my wish that the number of victims would be more accurately reflected in the national crime statistics. It is also advisable for the law enforcement agencies to affect programming changes which can capture more elaborate homicide data (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2004).
On the other hand, rape is the penetration, no matter how slight, of the anus or vagina with the use of any body part or object. It also includes the oral penetration by someone else’s sex organ without the victim’s consent (Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2012). Men are more likely to commit rape than women. In 2002, 80% of known offenders were men. It is also very surprising that people known to the victim usually commit rape. This fact is contrary to the popular belief of rape perpetrators being strangers to the victim (Andrew, 2009).
Women and children are usually the most vulnerable to rape. Even though men also get raped, the extent to which this crime is committed against them is not as large as that of women. Nevertheless, recent statistics show that the number of men being raped is steadily increasing. Rape can also occur in various places (Larry, 2011). From the office to the darkest corners of a street, it is possible to be raped. Even home, where a sense of security is usually felt, is not an exception. Cases of rape, according to the statistics, have been on the rise. In the past ten years, there has been a steady increase of 2 to 3% per annum (United States Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2004).
Up to now, little information what is being done on campuses is documented in a systematic way to address rape and other prevalent forms of sexual victimization. Giving a priority to more profound research in this area would be very effective in bridging this gap. Among several existing case studies, not very many effectively evaluate what higher education institutions are doing in educating students about awareness, reporting, and prevention of rape and other forms of sexual victimization. I would like the reporting system to capture these vital elements (Larry, 2011).
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