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This paper covers demographics of patients infected with HIV AIDS. The demographics can be said to the statistical characteristics of a population. The statistical data gets determined by some facts such as age, sex, occupation, race, gender, education disabilities, and statuses. In current times, individuals tend to be living in some environments that hold different types of demographics that can be easily discussed. With the large numbers of demographics available for discussion, this paper lays its foundation to patients living with HIV AIDS. This essay will look, in particular, at the demographic of people who live with HIV AIDS in an environment. The paper will also address the general effect that the health care market may have due to the changing demographics. The paper also addresses how the demographics of the HIV AIDS population have an effect in the health care market by having some changes. We live in the world where it gets said that one is either infected by AIDS or one tends to be simply affected in one way or another.
Data about the Population Demographics of People living with HIV
The area covered is the Southern region of United States of America. Some of the states in the region have some HIV/AIDS epidemics that tend to be remarkably similar demographically. The region tends to be currently disproportionately affected by the HIV epidemics. It is observed that the number of AIDS cases that get reported has increased by 35.6% in the Deep South, but only by 4.0% in the Southern state. HIV AIDS incidents rates tend to be the most practical statistic that can be used for comparisons. This is because the state gets mandated to report every AIDS cases (Reif, 2006). However, since the reporting of HIV cases is voluntary, not all states give out this data. Admittedly, when tracking the new cases of infection of HIV in addition to the new cases of AIDS, it can be critical to defining the current epidemic. This is because the two measures usually reflect some different aspects of the epidemic. The rate of HIV infection per a population of 100000 was 11.6 for the United States as whole. Contrast to this, the HIV rate infection per a population of 100000 was 14.7 for the Deep South. Comparing the other parts of country, it can be concluded that the epidemic of AIDS in the Deep South is spreading at a rapid rate. The men in the region tend to be victims of the disease more often than women, the women going at a rate of 33% (Carbine, 2008).
General Effects of Change in Demographics in the Health Market
HIV AIDS is a long term disaster. It takes some time to develop real impact on the health care market. HIV patients always require care, no matter is it primary or preventive care. The general effect caused by the HIV demographics is economic constraints. This is because when testing people likely to be infected with the disease, they are likely to seek medical attention in primary care, urgent care settings or emergency department. If they tend to be positive, they get referred to clinical care. The life expectancy mothers who tend to be positive with the virus receive high active antiretroviral therapy, which gets to be highly expensive. Some metabolic complications can also be an issue in this population. However, some researchers suggest that the cause and characteristics of an infected person tend to be totally different from a non infected person. This makes it rather expensive to help the infected people since they require more attention and more medical care. So as, to reduce cardiovascular disease risk in people who got infected with HIV, there needs to be a change in lifestyle combination. Addressing this risk requires some specific attention and high standards that get established for primary health care. This tends to be a rather expensive act, and the more number of people gets infected with the disease, the more expenses will be in the health market. This makes the health care market to be not in a good position to address every individual that gets infected with the virus (Vogel, 2011).
How Demographics of the HIV Population Can Affect the Health Care
If there can be a change in demographics in the HIV population, there can be some effects to the health care market. A good example can be that if the number of women with life expectancy increases, the health care market may have some problems in terms of personnel needed to care for them. The reason behind this is that women need proper care than the rest, sine they carry lives and need maximum care and protection (Reif, 2006).
Health Care related Problems Challenge to HIV AIDS Population
In administering care to the people infected with HIV AIDS, there can be an increased cost in the health care market. This is because the drugs needed to help in administering care to the patients tend to be a little bit costly. These are the antiretroviral drugs. In the case for the elderly and the most affected, there may be a need to have in-home medical care. This is another expensive programme, which cannot be successive, because the medical care may not be in a comfortable position to serve every patient (Carbine, 2008).
How a Chronic Disease wellness May Affect the Cost of HIV AIDS Demographic
The HIV infected people can be aware of the chronic diseases that are likely to affect them. It may reduce the implications of the diseases A good example is diabetes. If ill people can be given proper awareness regarding the disease, its causes and preventive measures, will be less likely to have serious implications.
The demographic of the HIV populations shows, when more life expectancy women get infected with the disease, the health care market needs to have proper funding, so as to take care for them. If the number of expectant women gets low, the care market can have a simpler time in addressing the other patients (Vogel, 2011).
Addressing the Challenges
The challenge of HIV AIDS can be addressed by the patient himself, the society and the community. The question who should give care to the persons infected with HIV infection has been a hot debated. However, the best and applicable answer depends on the patient, the providers’ resources, the patients’ access to care and the providers’ capacity. The patient may receive care from an experienced person in the HIV field. The society can receive the people infected with the disease and give them protection, helping them with care at home (Carbine, 2008).
It is vividly clear that HIV AIDS demographic population is high all over the world. The HIV AIDS demographic can have significant effects in the health care market. This is because when testing people likely to be infected with the disease, they are likely to seek medical attention in primary care, urgent care settings or emergency department. When this demographic tends to change, there can be change in the health care market. This is usually because when a certain number increases or reduces, the health market economy may be increased or reduced depending on the number of a group that increased. By making the HIV infected people aware of chronic diseases likely to attack them, it may help in reducing such cases and help to make the work easier for the health care market.
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